GED - General Educational Development

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Isolationism: a national policy of avoiding political alliances with other nations Nationalism: a sense of allegiance to the interests and culture of a nation Jingoism: extreme nationalism characterized by a warring foreign policy Pacifism: the belief that nations should settle their disputes peacefully Regionalism: a political division between two regions within an area Read the next items and identify which label best describes each of them. The . . . parties solemnly declare in the names of their respective peoples that they condemn recourse to war for the solution of international controversies, and renounce it as an instrument of national policy in their relations with one another. --Kellogg-Briand Pact, Article I, 1928 The lengths of the sides of ABC are 6 inches, 8 inches, and 10 inches. Which of the following conclusions must be true? Why Are the Characters Arguing? [Sophie, the narrator, is talking with Tante Atie. The first line is spoken by Tante Atie.] "Do you know why I always wished I could read?" Her teary eyes gazed directly into mine. "I don't know why." I tried to answer as politely as I could. "It was always my dream to read," she said, "so I could read that old Bible under my pillow and find the answers to everything right there between those pages. What do you think that old Bible would have us do right now, about this moment?" "I don't know," I said. "How can you not know?" she asked. "You try to tell me there is all wisdom in reading but at a time like this you disappoint me." "You lied!" I shouted. She grabbed both my ears and twisted them until they burned. I stomped my feet and walked away. As I rushed to bed, I began to take off my clothes so quickly that I almost tore them off my body. The smell of lemon perfume stung my nose as I pulled the sheet over my head. "I did not lie," she said, "I kept a secret, which is different. I wanted to tell you. I needed time to reconcile myself, to accept it. It was very sudden, just a cassette from Martine saying, `I want my daughter,' and then as fast as you can put two fingers together to snap, she sends me a plane ticket with a date on it. I am not even certain that she is doing this properly. Alls he tells me is that she arranged it with a woman who works on the airplane." "Was I ever going to know?" I asked. "I was going to put you to sleep, put you in a suitcase, and send you to her. One day you would wake up there and you would feel like your whole life here with me was a dream." She tried to force out a laugh, but it didn't make it past her throat. --Edwidge Danticat, from Breath, Eyes,Memory (1998) How will Tante Atie feel when the narrator is gone? Today, education is perhaps the most important function of state and local governments. Compulsory school attendance laws and the great expenditures for education both demonstrate our recognition of the importance of education to our democratic society. It is required in the performance of our most basic public responsibilities, even service in the armed forces. It is the very foundation of good citizenship. Today, it is a principal instrument in awakening the child to cultural values, in preparing him for later professional training, and in helping him to adjust normally to his environment. In these days, it is doubtful that any child may reasonably be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education. Such an opportunity, where the state has undertaken to provide it, is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms. We come then to the question presented: Does segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other tangible` factors may be equal, deprive the children of the minority group of equal educational opportunities? We believe that it does. --U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren in a 1954 decision that ruled that separate schools for blacks and whites were unconstitutional Source: Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. According to the passage, how might the court define equal educational opportunity? How Does the Speaker Feel about War? War Is Kind Do not weep, maiden, for war is kind. Because your lover threw wild hands toward the sky And the affrighted steed ran on alone, Do not weep. War is kind. Hoarse, booming drums of the regiment Little souls who thirst for fight, These men were born to drill and die The unexplained glory flies above them Great is the battle-god, great, and his kingdom-- A field where a thousand corpses lie. Do not weep, babe, for war is kind. Because your father tumbled in the yellow trenches, Raged at his breast, gulped and died, Do not weep. War is kind. Swift, blazing flag of the regiment Eagle with crest of red and gold, These men were born to drill and die Point for them the virtue of slaughter Make plain to them the excellence of killing And a field where a thousand corpses lie. Mother whose heart hung humble as a button On the bright splendid shroud of your son, Do not weep. War is kind. --Stephen Crane, 1899 The speaker repeats the line "War is kind" five times in the poem.Why? A species may live in association with another species. Such an arrangement is called symbiosis. Symbiosis in which both species benefit is called mutualism. If the symbiosis is beneficial to one species and neither beneficial nor harmful to the other, it is called commensalism. If one species benefits at the expense of the other, the relationship is called parasitism. A tick that attaches to the skin of a human or animal and feeds on its blood is an example of What is the total area, in square feet, of the pool and the walkway? Identical twins have exactly the same genes. Identical twins result when Ice floats on water because Beginning in 1958 . . . local NAACP [National Association for the Advancement of Colored People] chapters organized sit-ins, where African Americans, many of whom were college students, took seats and demanded service at segregated all-white lunch counters. It was, however, the sit-in demonstrations at Woolworth`s store in Greensboro, North Carolina, beginning on February 1, 1960, that caught national attention and sparked other sit-ins and demonstrations in the South. One of the four students in the first Greensboro sit-in, Joe McNeil, later recounted his experience: . . . we sat at a lunch counter where blacks never sat before. And people started to look at us. The help,many of whom were black, looked at us in disbelief too. They were concerned about our safety.We asked for service, and we were denied, and we expected to be denied.We asked why we couldn`t be served, and obviously, we weren`t given a reasonable answer, and it was our intent to sit there until they decided to serve us. Source: www.congresslink.org and Henry Hampton and Steve Fayer (eds.) Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s through the 1980s.Vintage Paperback, 1995. What is the author`s purpose in including Joe McNeil`s quotation? Danny worked 40 hours and earned $6.30 per hour. His friend Erica earned $8.40 per hour at her job. How many hours would Erica have to work in order to equal Danny's earnings for 40 hours? The Gateway Arch A (1)The skyline of St. Louis,Missouri, is fairly unremarkable, with one huge exception: the Gateway Arch that stands on the banks of the Mississippi. (2)Part of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, the Arch is a remarkable monument builded to honor St. Louis’s role as the gateway to the West. B (3)Construction on the 630-foot-high structure began in 1961. (4)The construction was completed four years later in 1965. (5)The monument includes an underground visitor center that explores westward expansion threw galleries and a theater. (6)Two passenger trams take visitors to the Observation Room and the Museum of Westward Expansion at the top. C (7)In 1947, a group of interested citizens held a nationwide competition to select a design for a new monument that will celebrate the growth of the United States. (8)Other U.S. monuments are spires, statues, or imposing buildings. (9)The winner of this contest was a plan for a completely unique structure. (10)The man who submitted the winning design Eero Saarinen later became a famous architect. (11)In designing the Arch, Saarinen wanted to “create a monument which would have lasting significance and would be a landmark of our time.” D (12)The Gateway Arch is a masterpiece of engineering. (13)A monument even taller than the Great Pyramid in Egypt, and in it’s own way, at least as majestic. (14)The Gateway is an inverted catenary curve, the same shape that a heavy chain will form if suspended between two points. (15)Covered with a sleek skin of stainless steel, dazzling bursts of sunlight are often reflected by the Arch. (16)In a beautiful display of symmetry, the height of the arch is the same as the distance between the legs at ground level. Sentence 3 and 4: Construction on the 630-foot-high structure began in 1961. The construction was completed four years later in 1965. Which is the most effective combination of sentences 3 and 4? MEMORANDUM To: All Jubilee Products Employees From: Blair Borowski, Facilities Manager Date: March 1, 2005 Re: New Carpet **ATTENTION** A (1)This Saturday and Sunday,March 5 and 6, under your feet carpet company will be installing new carpets throughout the building. (2)All office areas being currently carpeted will get new carpeting. (3)All office areas that are not currently carpeted will also be carpeted. B (4)To prepare for the carpet installation, Under Your Feet have requested the following: 1. (5)Remove ALL nonfurniture items from the carpet or floor in your work area. 2. (6)ALL items except computers and telephones from the top of your furniture should be removed. (7)If for your office items you need boxes or storage space, please contact me at extension 425. (8)The new carpet will be dark blue. C (9)Your compliance is very important, I will circulate a reminder on Thursday and again on Friday mourning. D (10)Thank you in advance for your cooperation. (11)If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to contacting me. Sentences 1: This Saturday and Sunday,March 5 and 6, under your feet carpet company will be installing new carpets throughout the building. Which correction should be made to sentence 1? Isolationism: a national policy of avoiding political alliances with other nations Nationalism: a sense of allegiance to the interests and culture of a nation Jingoism: extreme nationalism characterized by a warring foreign policy Pacifism: the belief that nations should settle their disputes peacefully Regionalism: a political division between two regions within an area Read the next items and identify which label best describes each of them. The free States alone, if we must go on alone, will make a glorious nation. Twenty millions in the temperate zone, stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific, full of vigor, industry, inventive genius, educated, and moral; increasing by immigration rapidly, and, above all, free--all free--will form a confederacy of twenty States scarcely inferior in real power to the unfortunate Union of thirty-three States which we had on the first of November. --Rutherford Birchard Hayes, January 4, 1861 The Cuban Missile Crisis began in 1962 when U.S. spy planes spotted Soviet missile installations under construction in Cuba. The missiles were capable of carrying nuclear weapons and were within range of major U.S. cities. A thirteen-day standoff began, during which President John F. Kennedy imposed a naval blockade of Cuba and demanded that the Soviets remove the weapons. Kennedy stated that any missile attack from Cuba would be regarded as an attack from the Soviet Union and would be responded to accordingly. Khrushchev later conceded, agreeing to remove the weapons if, in return, the United States pledged not to invade the island. Details from U.S. and Soviet declassified files and participants in the crisis have surfaced since the incident. Unknown to the U.S. government at the time, 40,000 Soviet soldiers were stationed in Cuba and armed with nuclear weapons. Although Khrushchev`s actions helped avert nuclear war, they made him appear weak to younger Soviet leaders who ousted him from power. Historians regard the crisis as the world`s closest brush with the threat of nuclear war. Which of the conclusions can you make based on the passage? Marc had $572.18 in his checking account. After writing a check, he had $434.68.Which of the following equations could be used to find the amount of the check (c)? Ms. Kraus buys 40 feet of wool to use for scarves. How many scarves of 3 feet 4 inches each in length can she cut from this material, assuming each scarf is as wide as the original piece of fabric? Refer to the following meeting minutes and answer the question? Employee Advocate Committee Minutes of Meeting Held: July 21, 2005 In Attendance: Dakota Mills,Vice President Rebecca Styles, Committee Chairperson Oliver Perez, Committee Secretary Brenda Oslowski Michael Wen Jamal Roberts Absent: Anthony Wilkins A 1. Employee Lounge. (1)Brenda reported an increase in complaints about the employee lounge. (2)The complaints included: B (3)Jamal suggested creating a survey to determine how to best redesign the lounge. (4)Rebecca suggested putting a suggestion box in the lounge. (5)The committee agreed that a survey would be more systematic and getting more input from employees. (6)Michael volunteered to create the survey that he will bring a draft of to the next meeting. (7)Oliver volunteers to research the cost of a new microwave and refrigerator. (8)The need for more telephones was another complaint about the lounge that was discussed. C 2. Employee Appreciation Day. (9)Rebecca reminded the committee that it was time to plan the annual Employee Appreciation Day, we brainstormed several ideas for Appreciation Day activities, including: D (10)Brenda noted that the company could best show its appreciation by moving quickly improving the lounge. (11)The committee have agreed that the survey should be completed before Employee Appreciation Day. E (13)The committee will reconvene next Thursday July 28 at 10 A.M. Sentence 9: Rebecca reminded the committee that it was time to plan the annual Employee Appreciation Day, we brainstormed several ideas for Appreciation Day activities, including: Which is the best way to write the underlined portion of sentence 9? Change of phase is a process whereby matter changes form (solid, liquid, gas).Which one of the following constitutes a phase change? A large surface area results in a high rate of cooling. This is why we tend to curl up when we sleep in a cold room and spread our limbs out when we sleep in a very hot room.Which of the following is an example where this principle is used in technology? How to Buy a Gift A (1)We by gifts all throughout the year for many different occasions. (2)Including birthdays, weddings, and anniversaries. (3)A few simple strategies can help you pick a good gift every time. B (4)First, decide how much money you will spend on the gift. (5)This depend upon two things: how much you can afford to spend and how much you want to spend. (6)You may be able to afford $100. (7)You may only want to spend $25. (8)A maximum limit should be set so that you do not go over budget. C (9)Second, decide what sort of gift you want to give. (10)Do you want your gift to be something practical, or would you rather give something whimsical. (11)Do you want a gift that is unique, or would the receiver prefer something ordinary? (12)Do you need something that's top of the line, or would the receiver appreciate a bargain brand? (13)Even if you don't know exactly what you want to get, having an idea of the kind of gift you want can help you make the most of your time while you are shopping. D (14)Determine where you can purchase the kind of gift you want within your budget. (15)For example, don't go to an upscale department store if your budget is only $25. (16)A little research can help you find the right place for your purchase. (17)That is making you, your wallet, and your gift recipient happy. Sentence 1: We by gifts all throughout the year for many different occasions. Which correction should be made to sentence 1? What Did the Speaker Learn from Alfonso? Alfonso I am not the first poet born to my family. We have painters and singers, actors and carpenters. I inherited my trade from my zio, Alfonso. Zio maybe was the tallest man in the village, he certainly was the widest. He lost his voice to cigarettes before I was born, but still he roared with his hands, his eyes, with his brow, and his deafening smile. He worked the sea with my nonno fishing in silence among the grottoes so my father could learn to write and read and not speak like the guaglione, filled with curses and empty pockets. He would watch me write with wonder, I could hear him on the couch, he looked at the lines over my shoulder, tried to teach himself to read late in the soft Adriatic darkness. Wine-stained pages gave him away. But I learned to write from Zio-- He didn't need words, still he taught me the language of silence, the way the sun can describe a shadow, a gesture can paint a moment, a scent could fill an entire village with words and color and sound, a perfect little grape tomato can be the most beautiful thing in the world, seen through the right eyes. --Marco A. Annunziata (2002) Reprinted by permission of the author. Which of the following best sums up what the speaker has learned from Alfonso? What Did the Speaker Learn from Alfonso? Alfonso I am not the first poet born to my family. We have painters and singers, actors and carpenters. I inherited my trade from my zio, Alfonso. Zio maybe was the tallest man in the village, he certainly was the widest. He lost his voice to cigarettes before I was born, but still he roared with his hands, his eyes, with his brow, and his deafening smile. He worked the sea with my nonno fishing in silence among the grottoes so my father could learn to write and read and not speak like the guaglione, filled with curses and empty pockets. He would watch me write with wonder, I could hear him on the couch, he looked at the lines over my shoulder, tried to teach himself to read late in the soft Adriatic darkness. Wine-stained pages gave him away. But I learned to write from Zio-- He didn't need words, still he taught me the language of silence, the way the sun can describe a shadow, a gesture can paint a moment, a scent could fill an entire village with words and color and sound, a perfect little grape tomato can be the most beautiful thing in the world, seen through the right eyes. --Marco A. Annunziata (2002) Reprinted by permission of the author. In line 5, the speaker says, "I inherited my trade from my zio, Alfonso."What trade did the speaker inherit? What Is the New Dress Code Policy? MEMORANDUM TO:All Employees FROM:Helen Suskind, Director, Human Resources Department DATE:March 22, 2005 RE: Implementation of New Dress Code A new dress code for all employees will take effect on September 1. All employees will be required to wear professional business attire while in the office. In this context, professional business attire excludes T-shirts, sleeveless shirts, shorts, jeans, athletic attire, miniskirts, sandals, flip-flops, and sneakers. The attached sheet provides a complete list of attire that is inappropriate for the office. Please be sure to review this list carefully. Violations of the new dress code will be handled as follows: If you have any questions about the parameters of the dress code, please contact Martin Lamb in Human Resources immediately to schedule an appointment. It is important that all employees understand the seriousness of this policy. Management based its decision to implement this code upon evidence that the lack of a dress code leads to a decrease in productivity. Our new dress code will help maintain the reputation and integrity of our company by keeping us aware of the need for professionalism. Thank you for your cooperation. According to the new policy, employees According to scientists, the sun has existed for 4.6 billion years. The sun produces energy by a nuclear conversion of hydrogen into helium. When hydrogen runs out, according to this theory, the sun will expand, engulfing Earth and other planets.Not to worry--the expansion will not affect us, since the sun has enough hydrogen for another 4.6 billion years.When it expands, the sun will become what is called a red giant star. In another 500 million years, the sun will shrink to the current size of the Earth and will be called a white dwarf, cooling down for several billion years. According to the passage, the sun will eventually An island in the Adriatic Sea was overpopulated with snakes. Sailors who came to the island brought and let loose mongooses, animals that feed on snakes. The population of snakes started decreasing, since the mongooses were eating them. The mongoose population started increasing since there was ample food around. The mongooses were not native to the island and there was no predator on the island to keep the mongoose population in check. At some point, there were hardly any snakes left on the island, and people started populating it. The mongoose, facing a shortage of snakes, started eating chickens that people kept for their eggs and meat. However, people caught on and protected the chickens from getting eaten. The mongoose population decreased. Some remain on the island, but their number is now at equilibrium, kept in check by the availability of food. Which statement best describes the change in population of mongooses on the island? About the time of World War I, sharp-eyed entrepreneurs began . . . to see ways to profit from the motorist`s freedom . . . Shops could be set up almost anywhere the law allowed, and a wide variety of products and services could be counted on to sell briskly in the roadside marketplace. A certain number of cars passing by would always be in need of gas. Travelers eventually grew hungry, tired, and restless for diversions. Soon gas stations, produce booths, hot dog stands, and tourist camps sprouted up along the nation`s roadsides to capitalize on these needs. As competition increased, merchants looked for new ways to snag the new market awheel. Each sign and building had to visually shout: Slow down, pull in, and buy. Still more businesses moved to the highway-- supermarkets, motor courts, restaurants, miniature golf courses, drive-in theaters. By the early 1950s, almost anything could be bought along the roadside. Source: Excerpt from Chester H. Liebs,Main Street to Miracle Mile. Little, Brown and Company, 1985. What is the main idea of the passage? In January 1863 during the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln`s Emancipation Proclamation freed more than three million slaves who lived in the Confederate states. Lincoln stated: And by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all person held as slaves within said designated states and parts of states are, and henceforward shall be, free; and that the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons. And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free and abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defense; and I recommend to them that, in all cases when allowed, they labor faithfully for reasonable wages. And I further declare and make known that such persons, of suitable condition, will be received into the armed service of the United States to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service. Which of the following is the most likely reason that Lincoln did not emancipate all slaves? The Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution states, In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence. Which of the following instances is NOT protected by the Sixth Amendment? What Inspires Thomas? [Thomas Builds-the-Fire is a Spokane Indian living on the Spokane Indian Reservation.] So Thomas went home and tried to write their first song. He sat alone in his house with his bass guitar and waited for the song. He waited and waited. It's nearly impossible to write a song with a bass guitar, but Thomas didn't know that. He'd never written a song before. "Please," Thomas prayed. But the song would not come, so Thomas closed his eyes, tried to find a story with a soundtrack. He turned on the television and watched The Sound of Music on channel four. Julie Andrews put him to sleep for the sixty-seventh time, and neither story nor song came in his dreams. After he woke up, he paced around the room, stood on his porch, and listened to those faint voices that echoed all over the reservation. Everybody heard those voices, but nobody liked to talk about them. They were loudest at night, when Thomas tried to sleep, and he always thought they sounded like horses. For hours, Thomas waited for the song. Then, hungry and tired, he opened his refrigerator for something to eat and discovered that he didn't have any food. So he closed the fridge and opened it again, but it was still empty. In a ceremony that he had practiced since his youth, he opened, closed, and opened the fridge again, expecting an immaculate conception of a jar of pickles. Thomas was hungry on a reservation where there are ninety-seven different ways to say fry bread. [. . . .] As his growling stomach provided the rhythm, Thomas sat again with his bass guitar, wrote the first song, and called it "Reservation Blues." --Sherman Alexie, from Reservation Blues (1995) Based on the passage, we can conclude that Thomas Two negatively charged spheres There are four blood types in humans: A, B, AB, and O. An individual with blood type A has antibodies for B, so he or she can't receive type B blood. Similarly, a person with blood type B has antibodies for type A and can't receive type A blood. A person with AB blood type has no antibodies and can receive blood from anyone. A person with type O blood has both A and B antibodies and can receive blood only from someone else with type O blood. Based on this information, someone with type B blood can donate to What Inspires Thomas? [Thomas Builds-the-Fire is a Spokane Indian living on the Spokane Indian Reservation.] So Thomas went home and tried to write their first song. He sat alone in his house with his bass guitar and waited for the song. He waited and waited. It's nearly impossible to write a song with a bass guitar, but Thomas didn't know that. He'd never written a song before. "Please," Thomas prayed. But the song would not come, so Thomas closed his eyes, tried to find a story with a soundtrack. He turned on the television and watched The Sound of Music on channel four. Julie Andrews put him to sleep for the sixty-seventh time, and neither story nor song came in his dreams. After he woke up, he paced around the room, stood on his porch, and listened to those faint voices that echoed all over the reservation. Everybody heard those voices, but nobody liked to talk about them. They were loudest at night, when Thomas tried to sleep, and he always thought they sounded like horses. For hours, Thomas waited for the song. Then, hungry and tired, he opened his refrigerator for something to eat and discovered that he didn't have any food. So he closed the fridge and opened it again, but it was still empty. In a ceremony that he had practiced since his youth, he opened, closed, and opened the fridge again, expecting an immaculate conception of a jar of pickles. Thomas was hungry on a reservation where there are ninety-seven different ways to say fry bread. [. . . .] As his growling stomach provided the rhythm, Thomas sat again with his bass guitar, wrote the first song, and called it "Reservation Blues." --Sherman Alexie, from Reservation Blues (1995) Thomas titles the song "Reservation Blues." Based on this passage, you can expect the song to be about MEMORANDUM To: All Jubilee Products Employees From: Blair Borowski, Facilities Manager Date: March 1, 2005 Re: New Carpet **ATTENTION** A (1)This Saturday and Sunday,March 5 and 6, under your feet carpet company will be installing new carpets throughout the building. (2)All office areas being currently carpeted will get new carpeting. (3)All office areas that are not currently carpeted will also be carpeted. B (4)To prepare for the carpet installation, Under Your Feet have requested the following: 1. (5)Remove ALL nonfurniture items from the carpet or floor in your work area. 2. (6)ALL items except computers and telephones from the top of your furniture should be removed. (7)If for your office items you need boxes or storage space, please contact me at extension 425. (8)The new carpet will be dark blue. C (9)Your compliance is very important, I will circulate a reminder on Thursday and again on Friday mourning. D (10)Thank you in advance for your cooperation. (11)If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to contacting me. Sentences 8: The new carpet will be dark blue. Which revision should be made to the placement of sentence 8? How to Buy a Gift A (1)We by gifts all throughout the year for many different occasions. (2)Including birthdays, weddings, and anniversaries. (3)A few simple strategies can help you pick a good gift every time. B (4)First, decide how much money you will spend on the gift. (5)This depend upon two things: how much you can afford to spend and how much you want to spend. (6)You may be able to afford $100. (7)You may only want to spend $25. (8)A maximum limit should be set so that you do not go over budget. C (9)Second, decide what sort of gift you want to give. (10)Do you want your gift to be something practical, or would you rather give something whimsical. (11)Do you want a gift that is unique, or would the receiver prefer something ordinary? (12)Do you need something that's top of the line, or would the receiver appreciate a bargain brand? (13)Even if you don't know exactly what you want to get, having an idea of the kind of gift you want can help you make the most of your time while you are shopping. D (14)Determine where you can purchase the kind of gift you want within your budget. (15)For example, don't go to an upscale department store if your budget is only $25. (16)A little research can help you find the right place for your purchase. (17)That is making you, your wallet, and your gift recipient happy. Sentence 15: For example, don't go to an upscale department store if your budget is only $25. Which correction should be made to sentence 15? How to Buy a Gift A (1)We by gifts all throughout the year for many different occasions. (2)Including birthdays, weddings, and anniversaries. (3)A few simple strategies can help you pick a good gift every time. B (4)First, decide how much money you will spend on the gift. (5)This depend upon two things: how much you can afford to spend and how much you want to spend. (6)You may be able to afford $100. (7)You may only want to spend $25. (8)A maximum limit should be set so that you do not go over budget. C (9)Second, decide what sort of gift you want to give. (10)Do you want your gift to be something practical, or would you rather give something whimsical. (11)Do you want a gift that is unique, or would the receiver prefer something ordinary? (12)Do you need something that's top of the line, or would the receiver appreciate a bargain brand? (13)Even if you don't know exactly what you want to get, having an idea of the kind of gift you want can help you make the most of your time while you are shopping. D (14)Determine where you can purchase the kind of gift you want within your budget. (15)For example, don't go to an upscale department store if your budget is only $25. (16)A little research can help you find the right place for your purchase. (17)That is making you, your wallet, and your gift recipient happy. Sentence 10: Do you want your gift to be something practical, or would you rather give something whimsical. Which correction should be made to sentence 10? How Does the Speaker Feel about War? War Is Kind Do not weep, maiden, for war is kind. Because your lover threw wild hands toward the sky And the affrighted steed ran on alone, Do not weep. War is kind. Hoarse, booming drums of the regiment Little souls who thirst for fight, These men were born to drill and die The unexplained glory flies above them Great is the battle-god, great, and his kingdom-- A field where a thousand corpses lie. Do not weep, babe, for war is kind. Because your father tumbled in the yellow trenches, Raged at his breast, gulped and died, Do not weep. War is kind. Swift, blazing flag of the regiment Eagle with crest of red and gold, These men were born to drill and die Point for them the virtue of slaughter Make plain to them the excellence of killing And a field where a thousand corpses lie. Mother whose heart hung humble as a button On the bright splendid shroud of your son, Do not weep. War is kind. --Stephen Crane, 1899 Which of the following best conveys the theme of the poem? How to Buy a Gift A (1)We by gifts all throughout the year for many different occasions. (2)Including birthdays, weddings, and anniversaries. (3)A few simple strategies can help you pick a good gift every time. B (4)First, decide how much money you will spend on the gift. (5)This depend upon two things: how much you can afford to spend and how much you want to spend. (6)You may be able to afford $100. (7)You may only want to spend $25. (8)A maximum limit should be set so that you do not go over budget. C (9)Second, decide what sort of gift you want to give. (10)Do you want your gift to be something practical, or would you rather give something whimsical. (11)Do you want a gift that is unique, or would the receiver prefer something ordinary? (12)Do you need something that's top of the line, or would the receiver appreciate a bargain brand? (13)Even if you don't know exactly what you want to get, having an idea of the kind of gift you want can help you make the most of your time while you are shopping. D (14)Determine where you can purchase the kind of gift you want within your budget. (15)For example, don't go to an upscale department store if your budget is only $25. (16)A little research can help you find the right place for your purchase. (17)That is making you, your wallet, and your gift recipient happy. Sentence 14: Determine where you can purchase the kind of gift you want within your budget. The most effective revision to the beginning of sentence 14 would be: How Does the Speaker Feel about War? War Is Kind Do not weep, maiden, for war is kind. Because your lover threw wild hands toward the sky And the affrighted steed ran on alone, Do not weep. War is kind. Hoarse, booming drums of the regiment Little souls who thirst for fight, These men were born to drill and die The unexplained glory flies above them Great is the battle-god, great, and his kingdom-- A field where a thousand corpses lie. Do not weep, babe, for war is kind. Because your father tumbled in the yellow trenches, Raged at his breast, gulped and died, Do not weep. War is kind. Swift, blazing flag of the regiment Eagle with crest of red and gold, These men were born to drill and die Point for them the virtue of slaughter Make plain to them the excellence of killing And a field where a thousand corpses lie. Mother whose heart hung humble as a button On the bright splendid shroud of your son, Do not weep. War is kind. --Stephen Crane, 1899 The speaker addresses three people in the poem: a maiden (line 2), a babe (a child, line 16), and a mother (line 28).What feeling in these listeners is the speaker addressing? Refer to the following meeting minutes and answer the question? Employee Advocate Committee Minutes of Meeting Held: July 21, 2005 In Attendance: Dakota Mills,Vice President Rebecca Styles, Committee Chairperson Oliver Perez, Committee Secretary Brenda Oslowski Michael Wen Jamal Roberts Absent: Anthony Wilkins A 1. Employee Lounge. (1)Brenda reported an increase in complaints about the employee lounge. (2)The complaints included: B (3)Jamal suggested creating a survey to determine how to best redesign the lounge. (4)Rebecca suggested putting a suggestion box in the lounge. (5)The committee agreed that a survey would be more systematic and getting more input from employees. (6)Michael volunteered to create the survey that he will bring a draft of to the next meeting. (7)Oliver volunteers to research the cost of a new microwave and refrigerator. (8)The need for more telephones was another complaint about the lounge that was discussed. C 2. Employee Appreciation Day. (9)Rebecca reminded the committee that it was time to plan the annual Employee Appreciation Day, we brainstormed several ideas for Appreciation Day activities, including: D (10)Brenda noted that the company could best show its appreciation by moving quickly improving the lounge. (11)The committee have agreed that the survey should be completed before Employee Appreciation Day. E (13)The committee will reconvene next Thursday July 28 at 10 A.M. Sentence 12: The committee will reconvene next Thursday July 28 at 10 A.M. Which correction should be made to sentence 12? According to scientists, the sun has existed for 4.6 billion years. The sun produces energy by a nuclear conversion of hydrogen into helium. When hydrogen runs out, according to this theory, the sun will expand, engulfing Earth and other planets.Not to worry--the expansion will not affect us, since the sun has enough hydrogen for another 4.6 billion years.When it expands, the sun will become what is called a red giant star. In another 500 million years, the sun will shrink to the current size of the Earth and will be called a white dwarf, cooling down for several billion years. Based on this theory, the sun will, at some point, be a How to Buy a Gift A (1)We by gifts all throughout the year for many different occasions. (2)Including birthdays, weddings, and anniversaries. (3)A few simple strategies can help you pick a good gift every time. B (4)First, decide how much money you will spend on the gift. (5)This depend upon two things: how much you can afford to spend and how much you want to spend. (6)You may be able to afford $100. (7)You may only want to spend $25. (8)A maximum limit should be set so that you do not go over budget. C (9)Second, decide what sort of gift you want to give. (10)Do you want your gift to be something practical, or would you rather give something whimsical. (11)Do you want a gift that is unique, or would the receiver prefer something ordinary? (12)Do you need something that's top of the line, or would the receiver appreciate a bargain brand? (13)Even if you don't know exactly what you want to get, having an idea of the kind of gift you want can help you make the most of your time while you are shopping. D (14)Determine where you can purchase the kind of gift you want within your budget. (15)For example, don't go to an upscale department store if your budget is only $25. (16)A little research can help you find the right place for your purchase. (17)That is making you, your wallet, and your gift recipient happy. Sentence 17: That is making you, your wallet, and your gift recipient happy. Which is the most effective way to write the underlined portion of sentence 17? If the original is the most effective, choose option A . Convection currents of molten rock within the Earth mantle cause all the following EXCEPT What Did the Speaker Learn from Alfonso? Alfonso I am not the first poet born to my family. We have painters and singers, actors and carpenters. I inherited my trade from my zio, Alfonso. Zio maybe was the tallest man in the village, he certainly was the widest. He lost his voice to cigarettes before I was born, but still he roared with his hands, his eyes, with his brow, and his deafening smile. He worked the sea with my nonno fishing in silence among the grottoes so my father could learn to write and read and not speak like the guaglione, filled with curses and empty pockets. He would watch me write with wonder, I could hear him on the couch, he looked at the lines over my shoulder, tried to teach himself to read late in the soft Adriatic darkness. Wine-stained pages gave him away. But I learned to write from Zio-- He didn't need words, still he taught me the language of silence, the way the sun can describe a shadow, a gesture can paint a moment, a scent could fill an entire village with words and color and sound, a perfect little grape tomato can be the most beautiful thing in the world, seen through the right eyes. --Marco A. Annunziata (2002) Reprinted by permission of the author. What is the relationship between the speaker and Alfonso? Why Are the Characters Arguing? [Sophie, the narrator, is talking with Tante Atie. The first line is spoken by Tante Atie.] "Do you know why I always wished I could read?" Her teary eyes gazed directly into mine. "I don't know why." I tried to answer as politely as I could. "It was always my dream to read," she said, "so I could read that old Bible under my pillow and find the answers to everything right there between those pages. What do you think that old Bible would have us do right now, about this moment?" "I don't know," I said. "How can you not know?" she asked. "You try to tell me there is all wisdom in reading but at a time like this you disappoint me." "You lied!" I shouted. She grabbed both my ears and twisted them until they burned. I stomped my feet and walked away. As I rushed to bed, I began to take off my clothes so quickly that I almost tore them off my body. The smell of lemon perfume stung my nose as I pulled the sheet over my head. "I did not lie," she said, "I kept a secret, which is different. I wanted to tell you. I needed time to reconcile myself, to accept it. It was very sudden, just a cassette from Martine saying, `I want my daughter,' and then as fast as you can put two fingers together to snap, she sends me a plane ticket with a date on it. I am not even certain that she is doing this properly. Alls he tells me is that she arranged it with a woman who works on the airplane." "Was I ever going to know?" I asked. "I was going to put you to sleep, put you in a suitcase, and send you to her. One day you would wake up there and you would feel like your whole life here with me was a dream." She tried to force out a laugh, but it didn't make it past her throat. --Edwidge Danticat, from Breath, Eyes,Memory (1998) Why is the narrator so upset? Why Are the Characters Arguing? [Sophie, the narrator, is talking with Tante Atie. The first line is spoken by Tante Atie.] "Do you know why I always wished I could read?" Her teary eyes gazed directly into mine. "I don't know why." I tried to answer as politely as I could. "It was always my dream to read," she said, "so I could read that old Bible under my pillow and find the answers to everything right there between those pages. What do you think that old Bible would have us do right now, about this moment?" "I don't know," I said. "How can you not know?" she asked. "You try to tell me there is all wisdom in reading but at a time like this you disappoint me." "You lied!" I shouted. She grabbed both my ears and twisted them until they burned. I stomped my feet and walked away. As I rushed to bed, I began to take off my clothes so quickly that I almost tore them off my body. The smell of lemon perfume stung my nose as I pulled the sheet over my head. "I did not lie," she said, "I kept a secret, which is different. I wanted to tell you. I needed time to reconcile myself, to accept it. It was very sudden, just a cassette from Martine saying, `I want my daughter,' and then as fast as you can put two fingers together to snap, she sends me a plane ticket with a date on it. I am not even certain that she is doing this properly. Alls he tells me is that she arranged it with a woman who works on the airplane." "Was I ever going to know?" I asked. "I was going to put you to sleep, put you in a suitcase, and send you to her. One day you would wake up there and you would feel like your whole life here with me was a dream." She tried to force out a laugh, but it didn't make it past her throat. --Edwidge Danticat, from Breath, Eyes,Memory (1998) What is the relationship between the narrator and Tante Atie? How to Be an Active Listener A (1)Effective face to face communication depends upon the ability to listen well. (2)Many of us hear what others say without really listening to the message they are sending. (3)We must listen actively to correctly understand what is being said. B (4)The first step to active listening is to pay attention. (5)Don't fidget, doodle, or look off at something else. (6)Daydreaming is something that you shouldn't do, or look at your watch, or worry about what you're going to make for dinner. C (7)You should actively respond to what you hear. (8)Use nonverbal responses, nod or shake your head, laugh or smile, and make other appropriate gestures. (9)Lean forward and look the speaker in the eye to be shown that you are paying attention. D (10)As you listen, respond verbally as well. (11)Offer affirmations such as "yes" "uh-huh" and "I understand." (12)Ask questions to get details or examples or to clarify matters. (13)Paraphrasing what you hear to be sure you are understanding things correctly. E (14)The third step is that distractions should be avoided. (15)If you are going to listen to someone; turn off the television or radio. (16)Don't look at your computer screen or pick up the phone. (17)Close the door if possible to avoid interruptions or outside distractions, and you will be a more effective listener. Sentences 7: You should actively respond to what you hear. The most effective revision to sentence 7 would involve MEMORANDUM To: All Jubilee Products Employees From: Blair Borowski, Facilities Manager Date: March 1, 2005 Re: New Carpet **ATTENTION** A (1)This Saturday and Sunday,March 5 and 6, under your feet carpet company will be installing new carpets throughout the building. (2)All office areas being currently carpeted will get new carpeting. (3)All office areas that are not currently carpeted will also be carpeted. B (4)To prepare for the carpet installation, Under Your Feet have requested the following: 1. (5)Remove ALL nonfurniture items from the carpet or floor in your work area. 2. (6)ALL items except computers and telephones from the top of your furniture should be removed. (7)If for your office items you need boxes or storage space, please contact me at extension 425. (8)The new carpet will be dark blue. C (9)Your compliance is very important, I will circulate a reminder on Thursday and again on Friday mourning. D (10)Thank you in advance for your cooperation. (11)If you have any questions, please don't hesitate to contacting me. Sentences 9: Your compliance is very important, I will circulate a reminder on Thursday and again on Friday mourning. Which is the best way to write the underlined portion of sentence 9? If the original is the best way, choose option a. Joan borrowed $1,300 to buy tools for her job as an auto mechanic. The loan is for one year and six months at 9% simple interest. Which of the following expressions could be used to find the amount she will pay back at the end of the loan period? How to Be an Active Listener A (1)Effective face to face communication depends upon the ability to listen well. (2)Many of us hear what others say without really listening to the message they are sending. (3)We must listen actively to correctly understand what is being said. B (4)The first step to active listening is to pay attention. (5)Don't fidget, doodle, or look off at something else. (6)Daydreaming is something that you shouldn't do, or look at your watch, or worry about what you're going to make for dinner. C (7)You should actively respond to what you hear. (8)Use nonverbal responses, nod or shake your head, laugh or smile, and make other appropriate gestures. (9)Lean forward and look the speaker in the eye to be shown that you are paying attention. D (10)As you listen, respond verbally as well. (11)Offer affirmations such as "yes" "uh-huh" and "I understand." (12)Ask questions to get details or examples or to clarify matters. (13)Paraphrasing what you hear to be sure you are understanding things correctly. E (14)The third step is that distractions should be avoided. (15)If you are going to listen to someone; turn off the television or radio. (16)Don't look at your computer screen or pick up the phone. (17)Close the door if possible to avoid interruptions or outside distractions, and you will be a more effective listener. Sentences 15: If you are going to listen to someone; turn off the television or radio. Which correction should be made to sentence 15?

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