EX0-105 - Information Security Foundation based on ISO/IEC 27002

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Example Questions

A couple of years ago you started your company which has now grown from 1 to 20 employees. Your company's information is worth more and more and gone are the days when you could keep it all in hand yourself. You are aware that you have to take measures, but what should they be? You hire a consultant who advises you to start with a qualitative risk analysis. What is a qualitative risk analysis? Peter works at the company Midwest Insurance. His manager, Linda, asks him to send the terms and conditions for a life insurance policy to Rachel, a client. Who determines the value of the information in the insurance terms and conditions document? What is the objective of classifying information? Which approach does/did the United States take with regard to privacy legislation? Under which condition is an employer permitted to check if Internet and email services in the workplace are being used for private purposes? What is an example of a security incident? You own a store, and money keeps disappearing from the cash register. You want to put an end to this by means of a detective measure. What is an example of a detective measure? The Information Security Manager (ISM) at Smith Consultants Inc. introduces the following measures to assure information security: - The security requirements for the network are specified. - A test environment is set up for the purpose of testing reports coming from the database. - The various employee functions are assigned corresponding access rights. - RFID access passes are introduced for the building. Which one of these measures is not a technical measure? You are the owner of the courier company SpeeDelivery. You have carried out a risk analysis and now want to determine your risk strategy. You decide to take measures for the large risks but not for the small risks. What is this risk strategy called? What is a potential cause of an unwanted incident, which may result in harm to a system or organization' called? A well executed risk analysis provides a great deal of useful information. A risk analysis has four main objectives. What is not one of the four main objectives of a risk analysis? Why is compliance important for the reliability of the information? There are three types of "human threats". The threat that a user accidentally deletes a document belongs to which category? Your company has to ensure that it meets the requirements set down in personal data protection legislation. What is the first thing you should do? Which of the following measures is a preventive measure? A non-human threat for computer systems is a flood. In which situation is a flood always a relevant threat? What is the goal of an organization's security policy? Which security measure is not an organizational level security measure? You work for a flexible employer who doesnt mind if you work from home or on the road. You regularly take copies of documents with you on a USB memory stick that is not secure. What are the consequences for the reliability of the information if you leave your USB memory stick behind on the train? You have just started working at a large organization. You have been asked to sign a code of conduct as well as a contract. What does the organization wish to achieve with this? You work for a large organization. You notice that you have access to confidential information that you should not be able to access in your position. You report this security incident to the helpdesk. The incident cycle is initiated. What are the stages of the security incident cycle? During a risk analysis a system administrator mentions that due to the lack of communication between Human recourses management (HRM) and system administrators, employees can still access the company server from home even if they are no longer employed by the company. Which characteristic of a risk is missing here? You are the first to arrive at work in the morning and notice that the CD ROM on which you saved contracts yesterday has disappeared. You were the last to leave yesterday. When should you report this information security incident? Physical security must protect a company for anyone to easily access the company assets. This is illustrated by thinking in terms of series of protection rings. Which protection ring deals with the asset that is to be protected? You are the owner of the courier company SpeeDelivery. On the basis of your risk analysis you have decided to take a number of measures. You have daily backups made of the server, keep the server room locked and install an intrusion alarm system and a sprinkler system. Which of these measures is a detective measure? Your organization has an office with space for 25 workstations. These workstations are all fully equipped and in use. Due to a reorganization 10 extra workstations are added, 5 of which are used for a call centre 24 hours per day. Five workstations must always be available. What physical security measures must be taken in order to ensure this? What physical security measure is necessary to control access to company information? Why is sensitive information graded? What is a human threat to the reliability of the information on your company website? Two friends want to exchange a confidential document by e-mail. They decide to use cryptography to protect the confidentiality of the document. To be able to encrypt alid decrypt the document they first exchange the key that is both used for encryption and decryption by phone. What type of encryption system is used by the two friends? Logging in to a computer system is an access-granting process consisting of three steps: identification, authentication and authorization. What occurs during the first step of this process: identification? What is the definition of the Annual Loss Expectancy? What is the relationship between data and information? Someone sends an e-mail. The sender wants the recipient to be able to verify who wrote and sent the email. What does the sender attach to the email? A company moves into a new building. A few weeks after the move, a visitor appears unannounced in the office of the director. An investigation shows that visitors passes grant the same access as the passes of the companys staff. Which kind of security measure could have prevented this? What do employees need to know to report a security incident? There is a network printer in the hallway of the company where you work. Many employees dont pick up their printouts immediately and leave them in the printer. What are the consequences of this to the reliability of the information? Why is air-conditioning placed in the server room? Which of the following measures is a corrective measure? You work in the office of a large company. You receive a call from a person claiming to be from the Helpdesk. He asks you for your password. What kind of threat is this? You are the owner of SpeeDelivery courier service. Because of your companys growth you have to think about information security. You know that you have to start creating a policy. Why is it so important to have an information security policy as a starting point? An employee detects abnormal behavior of her desktop computer. After reporting to the system administrator and a first investigation, the system administrators decide to get some help from the Computer emergency response Team (CERT). Which type of escalation is described above? Which regulation is only applicable for United States public companies (e.g. listed on the New York Stock Exchange)? When we are at our desk, we want the information system and the necessary information to be available. We want to be able to work with the computer and access the network and our files. What is the correct definition of availability? There was a fire in a branch of the company Midwest Insurance. The fire department quickly arrived at the scene and could extinguish the fire before it spread and burned down the entire premises. The server, however, was destroyed in the fire. The backup tapes kept in another room had melted and many other documents were lost for good. What is an example of the indirect damage caused by this fire? Which threat can materialize as a result of the absence of physical security? You have an office that designs corporate logos. You have been working on a draft for a large client. Just as you are going to press the <save> button, the screen goes blank. The hard disk is damaged and cannot be repaired. You find an early version of the design in your mail folder and you reproduce the draft for the customer. What is such a measure called? What sort of security does a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) offer? What is the best way to comply with legislation and regulations for personal data protection? Some threats are caused directly by people, others have a natural cause. What is an example of an intentional human threat?